Concentration Camp Near Munich

An exhibition commemorates the suffering and deaths of the detainees and Nazi crimes on the site of the old concentration camp in Dachau.

At a glance, the most important information

Dachau Museum category: Memorial, approx. 29 kilometers northwest of Munich

The destiny of the persecuted is chronicled from their arrival in the camp, through their existence, suffering, and death, to their freedom.

The main exhibition’s central theme is „The Path of the Prisoners.“

The fate of the captives is the topic of the major display in the former utility building. The journey of the prisoners is outlined in six sections and 13 rooms, using reports, drawings, and biographies, as well as the historical site itself: arrival at the concentration camp, life in the camp, death or liberation.

The old camp jail display, the barracks exhibition, and the former crematorium are all permanent exhibitions that can be seen. At the end of the exhibition, there is also a remembrance room.

The Catholic Deathly Fright of Christ Chapel, the Protestant Church of Reconciliation, and a Jewish memorial are all located on the grounds. In addition to permanent displays, the Dachau Concentration Camp Memorial offers special exhibitions regularly.

Guided tours, audio guides, film, and more

Daily at noon, guided tours of the former campgrounds, outdoor areas, buildings, and part of the permanent exhibition are offered.

Visitors can also explore the memorial site on their own with the use of audio guides. The manuals are accessible in eight languages and include testimonies from current witnesses.

The documentary film „Dachau Concentration Camp“ is screened in German, English, Italian, and French many times a day in the film room. Even those who are unable to visit the site can learn about the history of the Dachau concentration camp and the activities of the concentration camp memorial thanks to digital services. Live digital tours, Dachau audio tracks, and online seminars are among the services available.

Opening hours and entrance fees

The museum is open Monday through Friday from 9 am to 5 pm On December 24, the concentration camp memorial will be closed. Monday through Friday, 8 am to 5 pm, the administration, archives, and library are open.

Admission pricing and discounts are available here: The memorial to the concentration camps is free to view.

Food and drink: At the Dachau Concentration Camp Memorial Visitor Center, a café has modest outside space. It is open every day from 9 am to 5 pm and serves cold beverages, coffee, and cake, as well as snacks and sandwiches and hot meals.

Directions: How to get from Munich to Dachau?

By automobile, take the A9 to the A99 interchange in Munich-Feldmoching. Continue on A92 until you reach the exit „Oberschleißheim,“ then follow Dachauer Straße to your destination.

By public transportation, take the S-Bahn S2 in the direction of Dachau Bahnhof. Take bus 726 to Dachau, Saubachsiedlung and get off at the „Dachau, KZ-Gedenkstätte“ bus stop (travel time: approx. 40 minutes).

History of the Dachau concentration camp

Heinrich Himmler commissioned the Dachau camp as Germany’s first concentration camp in 1933, the same year Adolf Hitler took power.

Theodor Eicke, the camp’s commandant, was significantly responsible for the camp’s organization, which would form the model for all subsequent concentration camps. He referred to the Dachau concentration camp as a „school of violence“ for SS members. At first, the Dachau Concentration Camp was primarily used to house political prisoners.

With the passage of the Nuremberg Laws on racial discrimination, new groups of convicts were swiftly added, including Jehovah’s Witnesses, emigrants, and homosexuals, followed by Sinti, Roma, and prisoners of war.

Between 1933 and 1945, the Nazis detained almost 200,000 inmates from 34 different countries there. At least 41,500 individuals died in Dachau concentration camps as a result of starvation, disease, torture, murder, and the effects of concentration camp detention. The camp was finally freed by the US Army on April 29, 1945.

The former campgrounds were used as an Allied prison and a welcome camp for homeless people after the war. Former prisoners who had founded the Comité International de Dachau ten years prior asked for the memorial to be built in 1965. The money was given by the Bavarian Free State. You can visit all the places through Munich Airport Transfer